• Surface mining - Wikipedia

    ADVERTISEMENTS: List of equipment used in opencast coal mining are: 1. Bulldozer 2. Craper 3. Ripper 4. Tractor Shovel 5. Dipper Shovel 6. Stripper Shovel 7. Pull Shovel or Hoe 8. Dumpers or Tippers 9. Drag Line 10. Road Grader 11. Rock Drills. Opencast mining is the oldest method of excavating minerals but the mining …

  • Coal mine pit lakes: A viable mine closure option ...

    maximum economic recovery and the conser-vation of the resource. Lessees are required to mine all coal that can be extracted eco-nomically and within the limits of safety and technology so that coal reserves are not left in the ground where they can deteriorate and not later be retrieved. Underground mining methods usually leave a significant ...

  • Open-pit mining - Wikipedia

    Mining news and job postings, mining and mineral processing technology including drilling, blasting, mining methods, equipment, backfill ... lifeline of the open cut mine. ... are based on those vehicles that have the lowest braking capacity that will be using the particular road and on the maximum speed limit …

  • Major Mines & Projects | Rolleston Mine

    Other underground coal mines are laid out in a checkerboard of rooms and pillars (Fig. 2), and the mining operation involves cyclical, step by-step mining sequences. The rooms are the empty areas from which coal has been mined, and the pillars are blocks of coal (generally 40 to 80 feet on a side) left to support the mine roof.

  • Energy resources: Coal: 2.4 Modern mine planning ...

    Monitoring of the blasted block size distribution (BBSD) is an important part of the mining process. Existing image processing methods for measuring the BBSD are unable to operate fully in areas ...

  • Drilling in mining

    Open-pit mining. In open-pit mining of the coal seam, several benches are established in both the overburden strata and the coal seam. The open-pit method is generally practiced where thick coal seams are overlain by thick or thin overburden; it is also used for mining steeply pitching coal seams.

  • (PDF) COAL MINING METHODS - researchgate.net

    Apr 07, 2014· Drilling in mining 1. Introduction to Drilling Technology for Surface Mining Prof. K. Pathak Dept. of Mining Engineering, IIT, Kharagpur-721302 1 Introduction Drilling is the process of making a hole into a hard surface where the length of the hole is very large compared to the diameter.

  • A new mining method - Orica Mining Services

    Open cut mining operations. Mining of new pits and extensions would be by open cut methods. The mining strips are generally 50 m to 70 m wide depending on depth and other constraints. A maximum dragline dig depth of some 45 m has been applied for all reserve blocks.

  • Open-Pit Mining Methods

    The open-pit or open cast mining method is the obvious choice for a property with wide area of mineralization exposed or exists close to the surface and continues to greater depth. The open pit is opening the orebody from the surface by separate removal of ore and associated waste rocks.

  • List of Equipment Used in Opencast Coal Mining | Mining

    A new mining method 04 Introduction The mining methods used in open cut coal strip mining in most major coal producing countries have been well established and fairly consistent over the past few decades. These general mining practices have been described by Kukla et al. (1993) and Aspinall et al. (1993) amongst others.

  • Surface Mining Methods and Equipment

    Open-pit, open-cast or open cut mining is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow.. This form of mining differs from extractive methods that require tunnelling into the earth, such as long wall mining.Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful ore or rocks are found near the surface.

  • (PDF) Mining Methods - researchgate.net

    A mining method that requires many benches and resembles a circular pyramid, inverted in the earth, each successive bench being cut to a smaller radius because of the slope imposed by safety considerations. Is the process of mining any near surface deposit by means of a surface pit excavated using one or more horizontal benches.

  • COAL MINING MIDTERMS Flashcards | Quizlet

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

  • Haul Road Design Guidelines - MiningInfo

    Nov 10, 2017· This feature is not available right now. Please try again later.

  • Opencast Mining (Quarrying): Methods, Advantages ...

    What do you think controls the maximum depth to which coal seams can be worked economically using surface mining methods? There is no profit to be made in removing overburden, so the maximum economic depth for surface mining depends on the value of coal produced compared with the cost of removing the waste material.

  • Optimized design of drilling and blasting operations in ...

    In this paper, a hypothetical open pit copper mine is considered, which needs to produce 30 million tonnes of waste and 25 million tonnes of ore based on its annual planning. This mine works 340 days a year, on which the drilling and blasting operations can be carried out. Thus, the time scale of the dynamic model is set as these operational days.

  • Coal mining - Wikipedia

    A property with extensive area on the strike and containing a thick mineral bed moderately inclined, lying at shallow depth, is ideal for quarrying. In India coal seams with inclination as steep as 1 in 3 have been worked by mechanised opencast mining methods in Karanpura field.

  • Opencast Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS CIVIL ENGINEERING – Vol. II - Surface Mining Methods and Equipment - J. Yamatomi and S. Okubo ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Figure 2. Change in production and productivity of US coal mines The higher productivity for open pit mining equipment also lowers costs.

  • CHAPTER 11 Mining Technology - Princeton University

    Jul 20, 2018· There are more than 110 coal mine pit lakes in South Africa, at both active and closed/abandoned mines. While extensive studies have been conducted internationally on the evolution of pit lakes, locally there has been little research on whether they are a viable mine closure option. Pit lakes are essentially the flooded final open cast mine voids.


    (also referred to as open cast, open pit, mountaintop re moval or strip) mining methods. Open cast coal Open cast coal mining recovers a greater proportion of the coal deposit than underg round ...