• Mass concentrations and elemental composition of urban ...

    population of Somali refugees in Addis Ababa, we conducted a survey of all registered urban refugees in Addis Ababa’s high refugee concentration Woredas (administrative subdivisions) Bole 1 and 2 (both in Bole Michael). We included all urban registered refugees and refugees on movement passes. All members of a given were interviewed.

  • (PDF) Mass concentrations and elemental composition of ...

    In Ethiopia’s capital city, Addis Ababa, faecal matter is discharged directly into the urban rivers or streams without any form of treatment while significant amount of solid waste also end up in surface water bodies in most areas in the city. One of the rivers in Addis Ababa City is Walgamo River.

  • Medication administration errors and contributing factors ...

    The City of Addis Ababa has been Ethiopia’s major economic hub accounting for the largest concentration of trade, service and manufacturing establishments. It is estimated that Addis Ababa accounts for at least 40% of the business related activities in the country owing to its role as the major manufacturing, trade and service center.

  • Refugee Economies in Addis Ababa

    Abstract: This research evaluated the concentration and distribution of heavy metals (Chromium (Cr), Lead (Pb), & Cadmium (Cd)) in the vegetable field in the Kolfe area, Addis Ababa. Soil samples are tested for pH and heavy metals. Heavy metals in the soil are higher than the earlier report [1]. However, concentrations of heavy metal were observed (Cr > Pb >Cd), mean concentrations of heavy ...

  • Concentration levels of metals in vegetables grown in ...

    The study was conducted inside the Batu tannery private limited company found in South of Addis Ababa at kality industrial zone, approximately 10 km away from the centre of Addis Ababa and it is near Walliya tannery industry. It is one of the largest tanneries in Ethiopia and built at a plot land of about 11,000 m 2. The tannery produces ...

  • Addis Ababa - Dinknesh Ethiopia Tours | Tour and Travel ...

    This was supplemented by secondary data. Following the four firms’ criteria of concentration ratio, Addis Ababa poultry market showed tight oligopolistic behavior in market and loss oligopoly in egg markets with 64.4 and 24.90 percent concentration ratio respectively.

  • Concentration levels of essential and non-essential ...

    Addis Ababa was founded in 1886 by Emperor Menelik II who moved his capital city from Ankober (a town 175 km. to the northeast) to the top of the Entoto Mountains. Addis Ababa – the “new flower”, was later set at the foot of the Entoto Mountains. It is centrally located within Ethiopia as a capital city.

  • Analysis of Poultry Production and Marketing in Addis ...

    Alem Bekagn (Amharic: አለም በቃኝ, "Farewell to the World"), also known as Akaki Prison or Kerchele Prison, was Ethiopia's central prison until 2004. Located in Addis Ababa, the prison possibly existed as early as 1923, under the reign of Empress Zewditu, but became notorious after Second Italo-Ethiopian War as the site where Ethiopian intellectuals were detained and killed by Italian ...

  • Aflatoxin contamination of milk and dairy feeds in the ...

    (4)Center for Food Science and Nutrition College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. [email protected] BACKGROUND: There is scant information on the breastmilk vitamin A (BMVA) concentration of lactating women in developing countries, partly due to lack of methods applicable in-field.

  • Concentration of fine needle aspirates similar to ...

    Concentration of fine needle aspirates similar to molecular method improves sensitivity of the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Olifan Zewdie, 1, 2 Tamrat Abebe, 2 Adane Mihret, 2 Eyob Hirpa, 3 and Gobena Ameni 4 ... Keywords: Smear concentration, PCR, TBLN, FNA, Addis Ababa. Background.

  • Alem Bekagn - Wikipedia

    The highest mean concentration of the metals was obtained from farms found at the northern part of Addis Ababa as compared to the Ziway area. This shows that vegetable farms are operating in an ...

  • Vol. 6, Issue 8, August 2017 Assessment on the Current ...

    Jan 04, 2018· Heavy metal analyses of rocks, soils, streams, springs and boreholes have been carried out to identify the presence of potentially harmful solutes. The maximum concentration of total chromium measured is 269 ppm in the northern, industry-free zone of Addis Ababa in the B 2-horizon of soil profile (cambisol). The Ni/Cr ratio in the rocks is ...

  • Quantification of Some Physico-Chemical Characteristics of ...

    Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic metabolite of Aspegillus fungi that can contaminate animal feed. Cows that consume AFB1-contaminated feed excrete aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in their milk. The aim of this study was to detect and quantify the amount of AFM1 in raw cow's milk and AFB1 in dairy feed samples in the Greater Addis Ababa milk shed using a value chain approach.

  • Assessment of Heavy Metals Concentration in Agriculture ...

    Aerosol samples were collected from 22 February 2008 to 15 April 2008 and 17 June 2008 to 23 July 2008 in urban and peri-urban areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with the aim to assess the spatial and temporal aspects of total suspended particulate (TSP) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 µm (PM 10) and their composition in terms of metallic elements.

  • Study on Business Environment Problems of Ethiopia: The ...

    cancers Article CYP2D6 Genotype Predicts Plasma Concentrations of Tamoxifen Metabolites in Ethiopian Breast Cancer Patients Jemal Hussien Ahmed 1,2, Eyasu Makonnen 1,3, Alan Fotoohi 4, Abraham Ase a 5, Rawleigh Howe 5 and Eleni Aklillu 2,* 1 Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa P.O. Box 9086, Ethiopia

  • Low breastmilk vitamin A concentration is prevalent in ...

    This study was, therefore, undertaken to assess the magnitude of indoor air pollution from fuel use in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. During January and February, 2012, the concentration of fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) in 59 s was measured using the University of California at Berkeley Particle Monitor (UCB PM ...

  • CYP2D6 Genotype Predicts Plasma Concentrations of ...

    Mar 01, 2012· Highlights Trace metal contents of vegetable samples in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Trace metal concentration in irrigation water used in vegetable farms. Trace metal concentration in soils in the vegetable farms. Cd and Pb in the vegetables surpassed the maximum recommended levels. Trace metal concentrations in soils of vegetable farms found very high.

  • Assessment of the Pollution Status of the Solid Waste ...

    The concentrations of thirteen metals (K, Na, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Mn, Pb, Co, Ni, Cd, Cu and Cr) were determined in four brands of Ethiopian wines by flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS) after digesting the wine samples with HNO3- H2O2 mixture. Among the major metals potassium (694–767 mg/L) was found to be at the highest level, followed by magnesium (58.1–79.2 mg/L), calcium …

  • Heavy Metal Concentration in the Urban Environment of ...

    The average concentration (21.2 mg m À 3 ) of Na reported by Gebre et al. (2010) for Addis Ababa (Table 5) was much higher than the average value (1.15 mg m À 3 ) reported in this study. This ...

  • Indoor air pollution in slum neighbourhoods of Addis Ababa ...

    Jan 13, 2020· One of the strategies to safeguard patient’s safety and improve the quality of nursing care is the proper administration of medications. However, the finding of this study showed that the magnitude of MAE was high (68.1%) in Addis Ababa tertiary hospitals.